What are different kinds of building stones?

Posted on December 02, 2022
What are different kinds of building stones?

Stone used for building construction should be hard, durable, tough, and should be free from weathered soft patches of material, cracks, and other defects that are responsible for the reduction of strength and durability. Stone for construction purposes are obtained by quarrying from solid massive rocks and there are many types of stones available.

Each type of stone lend itself to various construction applications based on its properties. Stone can also be used for decorative purposes.

Quartz

QSTONE is a quartz based stone composed of up to 94% natural quartz and up to 6% advanced resin, manufactured to provide a beautiful surface suitable for kitchen benchtops, vanities, wall cladding, flooring, furniture and much more. QSTONE® quartz stone is an extremely durable, hardwearing surface. It is resistant to scratches, impact, cracking, corrosive materials and is stain resistant.

Granite

Granite

Granite is a type of igneous stone which is a durable and strong building material due to its high density. Granite is used to decorate building floors, interior walls, stairs, columns and sculptures. It can be said that granite has a high price, because extracting, processing and polishing it is costly. This stone is also used in the foundations of the facilities.

Limestone

Limestone

Limestone is used for flooring, roofing, pavements and as a base material for cement. The use of limestones as facing stones should be avoided in areas where the air is polluted with industrial gases and also in coastal regions where saltish winds can attack them.

Onyx

This stone has a mirror shape surface, and it also has a high polishing ability. Due to its high polish and attractive colors, this stone is usually used in the interior decoration of the buildings. This stone has the ability to pass the light, so it can be used for decorative purposes. Onyx has red, grey, white, yellow, purple and green colors. This stone has a higher price than other building stones, so it is considered one of the expensive stones.

Marble

One of the most used building stones is marble. Marble has nothing in common with onyx, and it doesn’t absorb water a lot, but it shows relatively low resistance to weathering and acid rain. So, according to these features, it’s better to use this stone in the interior parts of the buildings.

Travertine

Travertine

Travertine is one of the most famous building stones. This stone is used for both the façade of the building and interior decorations. Choosing this stone for the facade of the buildings and the decoration of hotel lobbies will be a wonderful choice.

Sandstone

Sandstone

Sandstone is a type of sedimentary stone which has white, brown, yellow and grey colours. Sandstone is one of the stones that is used in different parts of the buildings due to its compatibility with the inside and outside environment. Sandstone can be used for building roofs, wall coverings, swimming pools etc.